Shaolin Temple is situated at Shaoshi Mountain in the west of Songshan Mountain ranges, in Dengfeng City, Henan Province. Against the backdrop of Wuru Peak of Shaoshi Mountain, it is surrounded with forests and hills as its natural defense.

 

The "Shao" in "Shaolinsi" refers to "Shaoshi Mountain"; lin means "forest" and si "temple". The name of Shaolin Temple literally means "temple in the woods of Shaoshi Mountain".