Batuo (Buddhabhadra, Shaolin Abbot) was a Buddhist monk from Indian. He carried forward Buddhism to China during the Emperor Xiaowen reign of the Northern Wei Dynasty (around 490 A.D.) and was well received and highly respected. As master Batuo preferred a place of tranquility, Emperor Xiaowen established a temple for him in the Shaoshi woods, Mount Song, namely Shaolin Temple. Therefore, Batuo became the founder and the first abbot of Shaolin Temple. During his stay, Batuo had contributed a lot to Buddhist scripture translation into Chinese, including the Avatamsaka Sutra, the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, the Vimalakirti Sutra and the Dasabhumika Sutra, etc. Batuo’s most prominent disciples who followed the Hinayana teaching and guidance include Huiguang and Sengchou.