Pagoda Forest

发布日期:2010-05-21   字体大小:   

 

The Pagoda Forest at Shaolin Temple stands at the foot of Shaoshi Mountain about half a kilometer west to Shaolin Temple. It is a concentration of tomb pagodas for eminent monks and abbots of the temple.

A rough count shows more than 240 tomb pagodas of various sizes from the Tang, Song, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties (618-1911), making it the biggest pagoda forest in China. Most of the pagodas are stone and brick structures, ranging from one to seven stories, less than fifteen meters high; and they all carry the exact year of their construction as well as many carvings and inscriptions. Their shapes are varied, including polygonal, cylindrical, vase-like, conical and monolithic, making the pagoda forest an exhibition of ancient pagodas, carvings and calligraphy of various dynasties.

 

  Fawan Pagoda

 

Rufeng Pagoda

 

Yugong Pagoda



There are many invaluable pagodas scattered around the pagoda forest, including the Fawan Pagoda built in 791 in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), the Rufeng Pagoda constructed in 1268 in the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368), the Yugong Pagoda erected in 1287 in the Yuan Dynasty, etc., which are gems among ancient pagodas. Here also lie the remains and traces of the activities of some eminent foreign monks. For example, in the eastern part of the forest there is a pagoda built in 1339 in the Yuan Dynasty, whose epitaph was written by a Japanese monk of Shaolin Temple. In the western part of the forest is a pagoda built in 1564 in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) for an Indian monk.

The Pagoda Forest is a rare treasure for later generations to study the history of Chinese ancient architecture, carving, calligraphy, art and religion. Besides, it is a scenic spot for tourists from home and abroad.





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