What are some of the important rules?

发布日期:2019-04-03   字体大小:   


The most important is the vinaya rules of Kamma. Kamma originally meant action. Since among Sangha, everything is settled through Sangha meetings, so its complete meaning is “action (or settlement of things) through Sangha assembly”. For example, if there is something to be done, all the monks in a certain area should gather together to discuss and make a decision. Those who are unable to attend the meeting due to illness or other engagements have to send word through others to ask to be excused and signify willingness to accept the decision of the meeting. Prior to the meeting, presiding chairman (master or Kamma) inquire if all monks have come and if any novice or non-ordained (who is not supposed to attend the meeting) are present. The meeting cannot be opened until all the monks are present and outsides excluded. Then the opening address is made, and purpose and proposals of the meeting are tabled for the participants to discuss and decisions are finally made by voting. Voting is generally by oral consent. Those in agreement would remain silent, while those in dissent would speak out their opinions. If all remain silent, the proposal is passed. On some matters, decisions are made by going through the procedure just once. For more important issues, the procedure must be repeated twice for a decision to be made. As to even more important issues (such as ordination or punishment), the procedure must be gone through three times for a decision to be made. Finally the presiding chairman says:” Inasmuch as all monks remain silent, the resolution is passed.” Another way of voting is to cast ballots). Some Buddhist Canons, with full descriptions of these regulations, are the oldest laws on conference in the world, and are an important creation and contribution of Buddhism. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)


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