According to the Four Noble Truths described above, it seems that Buddhism has no positive ideal and takes no positive measures towards the world, can we say Buddhism is a world-weary philosophy?

发布日期:2018-09-21   字体大小:   

Concerning the attitude of Buddhism towards the tainted world, one can say that Buddhism is world-weary. But still, Buddhism, which originated form dissatisfaction with the temporal life, cherishes a kind of ideal for the human world. It is recorded in the Ekottarikagama that when talking about the social life under the rule of the wheel-turning King, the Buddha says that, at that time, the land will be level and bright as a mirror, the crops abundant; trees hanging with sweet and delicious fruits will grow everywhere; the weather will be fine and seasons favorable; the people, healthy and happy without much sickness and worry, will be rich and satisfied, having abundant food to eat; when they go to relieve their bowels, the ground will open automatically and close afterwards; gold, silver and treasures scattering everywhere like tiles and stones; people, old and young, will be on an equal footing and hold the same opinions; they will greet each other cheerfully and in kind words, speaking the same language without difference. From this passage, one can see a kind of ideal similar to that of the Great Harmony dreamed of by the Chinese people in ancient times. Efforts made to realize this ideal society are aimed at “glorifying the country and benefiting the sentient beings.” Such an idea was particularly developed by Mahayana Buddhism. But due to the limitations of circumstances at the time, there was no political or social measure advanced by Buddhism. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)

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