Did the Caste System Exist in the Newly Emerging Countries too?

发布日期:2018-07-06   字体大小:   

With the extension of Aryan influence, these states could not but be affected by the Brahmanic culture. Although the caste system entered there, it encountered quite a lot of obstacles. Firstly, the original inhabitants were in the majority in these states. Secondly, miscegenation between Aryan and non-Aryan races was relatively common. Thirdly, in order to consolidate the Aryan domination in those areas, quite a few aboriginal chiefs were inducted into the caste of Ksatriya through embracing rituals. Under the caste system, there were always rivalries between the ruling castes, Brahmanas and Ksatriyas. This was particularly strong between the non-Aryan Ksatriyas and the Brahmanas who held the superior position. Research shows that most people of Magadha came from miscegenation of Vaisyas and Sudras, therefore, they were regarded as an inferior race—semi-aryan and semi-barbarin—by Brahmanic code. It is said that King Asoka of Magadha who later on unified India had Sudra blood. In this environment any theories against the Brahmin ideas of the caste system would easily be accepted and welcomed. The doctrine advocated by Sakyamuni saying that “all four castes are equal”, mirrored the resentment of people in the newly emerging states towards the caste system. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)

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