What are the Contents of the Vinaya Rules?

发布日期:2018-05-04   字体大小:   

In brief, Vinaya rules consist of Savaka-xinaya and Bodhisatta inaya. The Vinaya Shool mentioned here fefers to the lineage founded by Vinayacarya Dao Xuan of the Zhongnan Mountains on the basis of Dharmagupta Vinaya of Savakayana. In terms of the precepts and features of discipline, there are respectively the Five Precepts, the Ten Precepts and the Full Commandments. The Five Precepts are observed by both monastic disciples. These have been mentioned before and need not be repeated. The VinayaPitaka of each sect does not merely include the precepts and the reasons for their being laid down, (or enacted), but also, in greater portion, the regulations for the Sangha Order, such as the institution of renunciation, ordination, rainy retreat, fortnightly assembly, robes and alms begging as well as other daily routines, each in detail. With the lapse of time and change of circumstances, many rules of the Vinaya have long fallen into laxity. The Bodhisatta Vinaya consists of precepts for lay followers and for monks and nuns respectively. The monastic Bodhisatta Vinaya stipulates, as in Brahmajala-sila-sutta, 10 major and 48 minor precepts, while that for lay followers sipulates 6 major and 28 minor rules as contained in the Upasaka-sila-sutta. Again, the Bodhisatta-vinaya is generally summed up into Three Aggregates or three categories of purifying sila. They are: first, Samvara-sila which refers to the moral precepts, meaning “the Avoidance of all evils”; second, Kusala-dhamma-samgrahaka-sila, meaning “the acquisition of all good”; Since China essentially belongs to Mahayana Buddhism, the Bodhisatta Vinaya has to be briefly referred to here. The aforesaid are the contents of the Vinayas of both Mahayana and Hinayana. (From Shaolin Temple in My Heart)

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