What is the relation between the doctrine of Five Vehicles and renunciation of the world?

发布日期:2020-08-16   字体大小:   

The Human Vehicle and Heavenly Vehicle do not require leaving home. The Pacceka Buddhas (self-enlightened ones), living in the absence of the Buddha Dhamma, led lives of hermits in the mountains and forests, but went through no ceremony of renunciation. As for Budhisattas, some lived at home, and some did not. In their case, it is not necessary to leave home. Whether or not they leave home depends upon the conditions of their maintaining the Buddha Dhamma and benefiting all living beings. For example, at the time of Sakyamuni Buddha, both Bodhisattas Manjusri and Maitreya (P. Metteyya) were Bhikkhus, whereas Vimalakirti, though a great Bodhisatta, was a layman (a scholar studying Buddhism at home). So it is only in savakayana those who seek to achieve Nibbana by becoming Arahats need to leave home and lead a homeless life. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)