What Was the Relationship between Buddhism and Other Religious Schools or Sects?

发布日期:2018-12-29   字体大小:   

Buddhism not only repudiated the creeds of the Brahmanists but also opposed those of the various non-Brahmanic schools. However, Buddhism, Brahmanism and other religions had some common ideological sources. Although it adopted certain ideas from other schools, Buddhism rendered new interpretations according to its own theories of Dependent Origination and Kamma. For example, “cause and effect of three periods of time” teaches that actions in the past life lead to the present affect, and actions in the present life will produce an effect in future life; and the theory of “cycles of rebirth in the six realms”, which teaches that on the basis of one’s own wholesome or unwholesome deeds one might be reborn in heaven as a deity, or on earth as a human being, or become an asura—a bellicose deity-like creature, or an animal, or a ghost, or be born in hell; all sentient beings circulate perpetually up and down, just like a rolling wheel, through the six realms of heaven , human world, asura realm, hell, ghost realm and animal world, in endlessly repeated cycles of rebirth or reincarnation; the theory of the blending components of four elements, which are earth, water, fire and air, Buddhism also accepted some traditional notions about astronomy and geography.
With regard to gods of Brahmanism, Buddhism did not deny their existence, but degraded their status to that of sentient beings and believed that they also could not escape the sufferings of samsara. As for Brahma, Buddhism deemed it a deity in the deva-gati, who might fall into hell. We can return to these questions later. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)