What about the Sixth Buddhist Council (Samgiti) held in Myanmar a few years ago?

发布日期:2018-10-12   字体大小:   


110 years after the Buddha’s death, there was a controversy over some of the Buddhist precepts among the monks in Vaisali. Thereupon Ven. Yasa Thero (elder priest) summoned 700 learned and virtuous elders and they determined that 10 of the issues involved were violations of the Vinaya. This council was known as the Second Samgiti.

According to the records of the Southern Buddhist canon, 235 years after the Buddha’s death, in the Asoka Era, many heretics infiltrated into the Buddhist Order and confused Buddhist doctrines. Thereupon, Ven. Moggaliputta Tissa, with the support of King Asoka, convened a Buddhist council with 1000 participants in Pataliputta to recite the Tipitaka for the purpose of clearing out the heretical adulterations. This was known as the Third Samgiti.

According to the Northern Buddhist records, around 400 years after the Buddha’s death, at the time when King Kaniska of Kusana ruled in west India, 500 bhikkhus under Ven. Vasumitta composed commentaries for the Tipitaka. These commentaries totaled some three hundred thousand gathas, more than nine million words. One of these was the Mahavibhasa, a very important commentary work. This was generally known as the Fourth Samgiti.

About 80 years ago, King Mindon of Myanmar invited numerous bhikkhus to collate the Pali Tipitaka and engrave the full texts and an account of the collations on stone tables which are still kept in Mandalay today. This was called the Fifth Samgiti.

From 1954 to 1956, the federal government of Myanmar, in commemoration of the 2500th anniversary of Sakyamuni’s Parinibbana, sponsored the Sixth Samgiti, and invited 2500 bhikkhus from Myamar, Cambodia, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), India, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan and Thailand to participate. They worked for two years and meticulously collated various editions from different countries as well as the collation of Pali Tipitaka from King Mindon’s Fifth Samgiti and finally they produced the most complete edition of Pali Tipitaka in print. This is called the Sixth Samgiti. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)