How Many Anti-Brahmanic Schools Were There at That Time?

发布日期:2018-08-03   字体大小:   

Buddhist texts mention as many as 96 anti-Brahman schools, six of which were outstanding and whose founders were known in the texts as the Six Teachers. One among the six was Nigantha Nataputta, the founding father of Jaina. The other five were Purana Kassapa, Makkhali Gosala, Ajita Kesakambala, Pakudha Kaccayana and Sanjaya Belatthiputta. Of all these schools only Jaina still exists and has texts one can research. The others have no proper records, but fragments of information can be gleaned from the books of the rival schools, which challenged their doctrines. Some of them were skeptics denying the relations of cause and effect; some stood for carnal desires; while others advocated ascetic practices; and still others were materialists who believed that human beings were composed of four Mahabhuta of (i.e. the four elements of earth, water, fire and air), which would decompose and vanish after death with no prospect of future life. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)