What was the Relationship between Sakyamuni and Brahmins, and between Sakyamuni and Ksatriyas

发布日期:2018-07-25   字体大小:   

Sakyamuni publicly opposed Brahmanic doctrines, so he was subject to numerous attacks by the Brahmins during his lifetime. Nevertheless, a large number of Brahmin scholars and followers gave up their original beliefs and turned to the Buddha. The Brahmanas, in response to Buddhism, issued the Manu Code, which, while upholding the caste system, made some amendments to it. Although the Manu Code did not overtly attack Buddhism, the subsequent Manuals of Public and Domestic Rites expressed an explicitly offensive attitude against Buddhism. As to the relationship between the Buddha and the Ksatriyas, as you know, the Buddha came from the Ksatirya caste. The kings of those states where he traveled and preached, such as Bimbisara of Magadha, Prasenajit of Kosala and others were his faithful followers and strong supporters. At a later time after the Buddha, King Asoka more energetically promulgated the Buddha Dharma. It should be concluded that the Ksatriyas of the newly emerging states had great esteem for and staunch faith in the Buddha. It is worth notice that in the Buddhist texts, whenever mention is made of the four castes, Brahman is put after Ksatriya. That is contrary to the traditional order in which Brahmin came the first. From this break with the tradition, one can see the Buddha’s depreciation of the Brahmins’ position. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)